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Planning and construction



We owe the construction of the Royal Psychiatric University Hospital to Anton Bumm. He was a full professor of psychiatry and at the same time the director of the Upper Bavarian Mental Asylum, as it was then called. Bumm proposed building a university hospital that included a city asylum with 100 beds because he thought it would be advantageous for research, treatment and medical teaching. Under his leadership a commission started to plan the psychiatric hospital on the site of the other hospitals on the left side of the river Isar. The City of Munich provided a building site, located at the corner of Nussbaumstrasse and Goethestrasse, from the hospital foundation’s property. In return, the university had to commit itself to accepting and examining the mentally ill people of the city of Munich. In order to devote himself completely to the construction of the psychiatric hospital, in November 1900 Anton Bumm asked to be dismissed as director of the district mental asylum.


Anton Bumm signed a contract that obligated him to become director of the new hospital. He dealt intensively and in detail with questions concerning the construction and amenities of the building. He was assisted by the architect Max Littmann, who at the time was one of the best-known architects in Germany – especially for public buildings. In addition to the anatomical institute, Schack Gallery and Prinzregententheater, Littmann also designed the Hofbräuhaus am Platzl in Munich. The königliche Hoftheater in Stuttgart, the city theaters in Bozen and Posen, the Grand Ducal Court Theater in Weimar and the Schiller Theatre in Berlin are also based on his designs.


Construction was started by Heilmann and Littmann in August, and commissioning was planned for the end of 1904. However, Anton Bumm did not live to see that day because he died surprisingly after a gall bladder operation.


The new hospital building was opened in November under the direction of Emil Kraepelin, who left Heidelberg and was appointed as Chair of the Department of Psychiatry in Munich.