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Prof. Dr. med. Soheyl Noachtar


Dept. of Neurology
Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Klinikum Großhadern
Marchioninistr. 15, 81377 Munich, Germany

Tel. ++ 49 89 4400-73691
Fax ++ 49 89 4400-76691



Klinische Schwerpunkte




Main Research Topics


1. Semiology and classification of epileptic seizures

2. Quantification of ictal movements

3. vegetative parameters of epileptic seizures

4. diagnostic evaluation in epilepsy surgery

5. imaging (MRI, PET, SPECT & image fusion) in focal epilepsy

6. analysis of resected epileptic brain specimens

7. drug studies

8. cortical inhibition

9. automated EEG analysis

10. seizure detection and identification


Selected Literature (since 2017)


- Blumcke I, … Noachtar S, … Avanzini G; EEBB Consortium. Histopathological Findings in Brain Tissue Obtained during Epilepsy Surgery. N Engl J Med. 2017; 377: 1648-1656.

- Correia P, Vollmar C, Rémi J, la Fougere C, Noachtar S. Ictal SPECT reveals different epileptogenic zones in frontal lobe epilepsy. Epileptic Disord 2018; 20:4 47-450.

- Baysal-Kirac L, Hartl E, Vollmar C, Ernst K, Lohr H, Noachtar S. Stimulation-induced ictal vocalisation of left frontal lobe origin. Epileptic Disord 2018; 20: 418-422.

- Hartl E, Knoche T, Choupina HMP, Rémi J, Vollmar C, Cunha JPS, Noachtar S. Quantitative and qualitative analysis of ictal vocalization in focal epilepsy syndromes. Seizure 2018; 60: 178-183.

- Vollmar C, Stredl I, Heinig M, Noachtar S, Rémi J. Unilateral temporal interictal epileptiform discharges correctly predict the epileptogenic zone in lesional temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsia 2018; 59: 1577-1582.

- Rémi J, Bubeck C, Hartl E, Tezer FI, Noachtar S. Sleep spindle reduction precedes seizures by several epochs. Clin Neurophysiol 2018; 129: 1624-1625 .

- Pereira Choupina HM, Rocha AP, Fernandes JM, Vollmar C, Noachtar S, Silva Cunha JP. NeuroKinect 3.0: Multi-Bed 3Dvideo-EEG System for Epilepsy Clinical Motion Monitoring. Stud Health Technol Inform 2018; 247: 46-50.

- Baysal-Kirac L, Feddersen B, Einhellig M, Rémi J, Noachtar S. Does semiology of status epilepticus have an impact on treatment response and outcome? Epilepsy Behav 2018; 83: 81-86.

- Franco AC, Kremmyda O, Rémi J, Noachtar S. Positive interictal epileptiform discharges in adults: A case series of a rare phenomenon. Clin Neurophysiol 2018; 129: 952-955.

- Hartl E, Bötzel K, Mehrkens JH, Noachtar S. Seizure reductions outlast DBS explantation. Brain Stimul 2018; 11: 636-638.

- Vöglein J, Noachtar S, … Danek A; Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer Network. Seizures as an early symptom of autosomal dominant Alzheimer's disease. Neurobiol Aging 2018; 76: 18-23.

- Lüders H, … Noachtar S, … Kahane P. Classification of paroxysmal events and the four-dimensional epilepsy classification system. Epileptic Disord 2019; 21: 1-29. doi: 10.1684/epd.2019.1033.

- Hartl E, Seethaler M, Lauseker M, Rémi J, Vollmar C, Noachtar S. Impact of withdrawal of antiepileptic medication on the duration of focal onset seizures. Seizure 2019; 67:40-44.

- Lüders H, … Noachtar S, … Kahane P. Critique of the 2017 epileptic seizure and epilepsy classifications. Epilepsia 2019; 60: 1032-1039.

- Borggraefe I, Tacke M, Gerstl L, Leiz S, Coras R, Blümcke I, Giese A, Ertl-Wagner B, Thiel CT, Noachtar S, Peraud A. Epilepsy surgery in the first months of life: a large type IIb focal cortical dysplasia causing neonatal drug-resistant epilepsy. Epileptic Disord 2019: 1; 21: 122-127.

- Thorsteinsdottir J, Vollmar C, Tonn JC, Kreth FW, Noachtar S, Peraud A. Outcome after individualized stereoelectroencephalography (sEEG) implantation and navigated resection in patients with lesional and non-lesional focal epilepsy. J Neurol 2019; 266: 910-920.

- Kremmyda O, Kirsch V, Bardins S, Lohr H, Vollmar C, Noachtar S, Dieterich M. Electrical brain stimulation of the parietal lobe impairs the perception of verticality. J Neurol. 2019 ; 266 (Suppl 1):146-148.

- Hartl E, Seethaler M, Lauseker M, Rémi J, Vollmar C, Noachtar S. Impact of withdrawal of antiepileptic medication on the duration of focal onset seizures. Seizure 2019; 67: 40-44.

- Correia P, Hartl E, Noachtar S. Self-stimulation in an adult misdiagnosed with focal epilepsy.Epileptic Disord. 2019 Oct 1;21(5):463-465.

- Rosenow F, … Noachtar S, … Widdess-Walsh P. Could the 2017 ILAE and the four-dimensional epilepsy classifications be merged to a new "Integrated Epilepsy Classification"? Seizure 2020; 78: 31-37.

- Palmini A, … Noachtar S, … Widdess-Walsh P. From theory to practice: Critical points in the 2017 ILAE classification of epileptic seizures and epilepsies. Epilepsia. 2020; 61: 350-353.




- Non-invasive and invasive EEG-video-monitoring (XLTEK digital EEG, Natus)

- Electrical stimulation of the cortex via invasive electrodes (Grass S88 Stimulator, Inomed)

- Neuroscan, Neurovision (digitial EEG and evoked potentials, MES, Martinsried)

- Focus (Windows based digital EEG, Scherg, Munich)

- Movement analysis and quantification (Kinect, JPS Cunha, Porto, Portugal)

- Sleep polygraphy (XLTEK, Natus)

- Image fusion (C. Vollmar)




University of Munich

International Federation Clinical Neurophysiology Societies (IFNS)

European Neurological Society (ENS)

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)



Deutsche Gesellschaft für Klinische Neurophysiologie (DGKN)


Team Members


Angele B, Aydin H, Birk D, Bota Quiteria RA, Borggräfe I, Ernst K, Gieseke K, Kaufmann E, Klein O, Kunz M, Loesch AM, Lohr H, Picinotti R, Rémi J, Steiner M, Vollmar C, Weinert K, Wlasich E


External cooperations


Cunha JPS, University of Porto, Faculty of Engineering, Porto, Portugal

De Marinis A, Acevedo H, Clinical Alemana, Santiago de Chile

Rego R, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal

Lüders HO, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA

O'Dwyer R, Rush Medical College, Chicago, IL, USA

Tezer I, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey




currently cancelled due to Corona pandemia



Neurologische Klinik und Poliklinik & Deutsches Schwindel- und Gleichgewichtszentrum DSGZ
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Klinikum Großhadern, Marchioninistraße 15
D-81377 München

Univ.Prof. Dr. med. Marianne Dieterich, FANA, FEAN

Tel. (089) 4400-0