News

Presseerklärung

Zwillingsstudie liefert erste Hinweise, dass menschliche Darmbakterien Multiple Sklerose (MS) auslösen können.

12.09.2017 - Vieles spricht dafür, dass es sich bei der MS um eine Autoimmunerkrankung handelt, bei der Immunzellen „versehentlich“ Gehirn und Rückenmark angreifen. Wie bei anderen Autoimmunerkrankungen sind jedoch die eigentlichen Auslöser der Autoimmunreaktion noch unbekannt. Eine neue Studie konnte erstmals zeigen, dass Darmbakterien von MS Patienten in der Lage sind, eine MS-ähnliche Erkrankung in einem Tiermodell auszulösen. [mehr...]

 
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 Jul 17. pii: 201701806. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1701806114. [Epub ahead of print]

Visualizing context-dependent calcium signaling in encephalitogenic T cells in vivo by two-photon microscopy

04.08.2017 - Here we visualized intracellular calcium in the encephalitogenic T cells in vivo by using FRET based sensor. The T cells showed short and long lasting calcium signaling dependent on their interaction partners. The blocking of the calcium signaling can be used as target of therapeutic treatments. [mehr...]

 
Presseerklärung

DMSG Forschungsprojekte zur Progredienten Multiplen Sklerose

04.12.2016 - Dr. Mehrnoosh Jafari und Prof. Martin Kerschensteiner wollen verstehen, wie es bei der Progredienten Verlaufsform der Multiplen Sklerose zum Nervenzellschaden kommt. Dieses Forschungsvorhaben wird jetzt von der Deutschen Multiple Sklerose Gesellschaft gefördert. [mehr...]

 
Dtsch Arztebl Int 2016; 113(51-52): 879-86; DOI: 10.3238/arztebl.2016.0879

Interdisciplinary Risk Management in the Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis

03.12.2016 - The growing number of drugs used to treat MS demands great efforts to minimize the potential risks. To this end, interdisciplinary risk management plans are essential. Here we describe the type and extent of risks, the measures needed for prevention/early detection, and provide practical advice f... [mehr...]

 
Nat Commun. 2016 Nov 16;7:13275. doi: 10.1038/ncomms13275.

Myelinosome formation represents an early stage of oligodendrocyte damage in multiple sclerosis and its animal model.

02.12.2016 - Here we investigate how oligodendrocyte damage is initiated in multiple sclerosis (MS) and EAE. We can show that oligodendrocyte damage spreads centripetally and that the formation of focal myelin outfoldings that we call “myelinosomes” is an early sign of oligodendrocyte damage both in MS and EAE. [mehr...]

 
Interessierte Zwillinge können jederzeit noch in die Studie eingeschlossen werden!

Deutschlandweite MS-Zwillings-Studie-Teilnehmer gesucht

19.11.2016 - Aktuell suchen wir insbesondere dringend eineiige Zwillingspaare bei denen beide Zwillinge an Multipler Sklerose erkrankt ist. [mehr...]

 
open position: PostDoc and PhD

The Liebscher lab is looking for a postdoctoral researcher and a PhD candidate

13.10.2016 - We are looking for postdoctoral researchers and PhD candidates. For more details see attached documents: [mehr...]

 
open position: PostDoc and PhD

The Kerschensteiner Lab is looking for a postdoctoral researcher and a PhD candidate

14.06.2016 - We are looking for postdoctoral researchers and PhD candidate that are interested in studying the in vivo pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis in collaborative projects with the Misgeld lab at the Technical University Munich. For more details see attached documents: [mehr...]

 
Nat Commun. 2016 Apr 4;7:11153. doi: 10.1038/ncomms11153.

CD8(+) T-cell pathogenicity in Rasmussen encephalitis elucidated by large-scale T-cell receptor sequencing.

27.04.2016 - We analyzed the immunopathology of Rasmussen encephalitis, a rare pediatric epilepsy, by deep sequencing of T cell receptor chains. We identified public T cell clones, i.e. clones that are shared between different patients. This suggests that antigen-driven T cell expansions are a major cause of t... [mehr...]

 
Brain 2016: 139; 1312–1324 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/aww053 . [Epub ahead of print]

Cytotoxic T cells go awry in inclusion body myositis

26.04.2016 - [mehr...]

 
JAMA Neurol. 2016 Apr 4. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2016.0259. [Epub ahead of print]

Alemtuzumab and Multiple Sclerosis: Another Note of Caution.

04.04.2016 - [mehr...]

 
Lancet Neurol. 2015 Dec 23. pii: S1474-4422(15)00334-8. doi: 10.1016/S1474-4422(15)00334-8.

The search for the target antigens of multiple sclerosis, part 1: autoreactive CD4+ T lymphocytes as pathogenic effectors and therapeutic targets

23.12.2015 - Part 1 Identification of the target antigens of adaptive immunity (B cells and T cells) is of fundamental importance for understanding the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis and for the development of personalized therapies. In part 1 of this two-part Review, we focus on CD4+ T lymphocytes as majo... [mehr...]

 
J Exp Med. 2015 Dec 14;212(13):2203-12. doi: 10.1084/jem.20151093. Epub 2015 Nov 30.

Melanocyte antigen triggers autoimmunity in human psoriasis

14.12.2015 - Using plasmid-encoded combinatorial peptide libraries (Siewert et al 2012), we identified ADAMTSL5 as a melanocyte autoantigen in human psoriasis. ADAMTSL5 is presented in HLA-C*06:02 molecules on melanocytes, which triggers IL-17 production from CD8+ T cells. [mehr...]

 
Brain. 2016 Jan;139(Pt 1):39-46. doi: 10.1093/brain/awv353. Epub 2015 Dec 14.

Reconstruction of single cortical projection neurons reveals primary spine loss in multiple sclerosis

14.12.2015 - Here we we use confocal microscopy of Golgi-Cox impregnated tissue sections to reconstruct single cortical projection neurons in brain sections from multiple sclerosis and control patients. Our study reveals a widespread loss and pronounced loss of dendritic spines that occurs independently of cor... [mehr...]

 
open position: PhD candidate

The Kawakami Lab is looking for PhD candidate for the project

17.09.2015 - Our lab studies the roles of autoreactive T cells during CNS inflammation. [mehr...]

 
Nat. Commun. 6:7333 doi: 10.1038/ncomms8333

γ-secretase directly sheds the survival receptor BCMA from plasma cells

12.06.2015 - Plasma cells produce antibodies that inactivate pathogens, but may also cause autoimmune diseases. Therefore a balanced regulation of plasma cells is essential. We found that the lifespan of plasma cells is regulated through shedding of their survival receptor BCMA by γ-secretase. The released par... [mehr...]

 
AG Meinl

Neue Immunregulation und Biomarker entdeckt

12.06.2015 - LMU-Mediziner haben einen Mechanismus entdeckt, der die Lebensdauer von Immunzellen reguliert, und ein Molekül identifiziert, das als Biomarker für Autoimmunkrankheiten wie Multiple Sklerose oder Lupus erythematodes dienen könnte. [mehr...]

 
EMBO J. 2015 Mar 12. pii: e201490578. [Epub ahead of print]

FGF22 signaling regulates synapse formation during post-injury remodeling of the spinal cord

24.03.2015 - Following spinal cord injury, transected projections form detour circuits that circumvent the lesion and contribute to functional recovery. The formation of new synaptic contacts is a crucial step of the process, but its molecular regulation is currently not understood. Here, we show that: • FGF2... [mehr...]

 
Neuron 84: 1183-1190 (2014)

Pervasive axonal transport deficits in multiple sclerosis models

06.01.2015 - Here we visualize the dynamics of organelles in individual spinal axons and reveal widespread impairment of organelle transport in MS models. Transport deficits precede structural alterations of axons, myelin or microtubules. They persist in chronic MS models and lead to a reduced distal organel... [mehr...]

 
Nature Communications 5:5683 doi:10.1038/ncomms6683 (2014)

A recoverable state of axon injury persists for hours after spinal contusion in vivo

06.09.2014 - Here we use spinal in vivo imaging to show that axons persist in a metastable state for hours after spinal contusion injury. During this time the intra-axonal calcium dynamics determine the axonal fate. Those axons that manage to re-establish calcium homoestasis will survive longterm while those t... [mehr...]

 
First published online: July 23, 2014, Brain (2014) doi: 10.1093/brain/awu205

Intrathecal somatic hypermutation of IgM in multiple sclerosis and neuroinflammation

07.08.2014 - Oligoclonal bands in the cerebrospinal fluid are the most important immunological marker of multiple sclerosis. Whereas oligoclonal IgG bands were intensely investigated in the past, little is known about intrathecal IgM antibodies. Using state-of-the-art technologies, including deep sequencing an... [mehr...]

 
Journal of Cell Biology 206, 335-345 (2014)

A unified cell biological perspective on axon-myelin injury

06.08.2014 - Here we review recent advances in our understanding of the mechanisms that mediate axon and myelin injury in neuroinflammatory conditions and propose that the close cell biological interconnection of the axon-myelin unit could help explain the spread of pathology in advanced stages of MS. [mehr...]

 
Nature Medicine 20, 555-560 (2014)

Multparametric optical analysis of mitochondrial redox signals during neuronal physiology and pathology in vivo

22.05.2014 - Here we establish a novel multiparametric imaging approach that allows us to visualize and mechanistically dissect mitochondrial redox signals with high temporal and spatial resolution in the living nervous system. [mehr...]

 

Neue Telefonnummer ab dem 09.05.2014

07.05.2014 - Das Klinikum der Universität München wechselt seine Telefonnummer. Die neue Nummer lautet: 089-4400-7(+ alte Durchwahl). Damit wird aus der Nummer unserer Ambulanz (Durchwahl 4435) beispielsweise NEU 089-4400-7(4435). Die Umstellung erfolgt am 09.05.2014 im Laufe des Tages. Wir entschuldigen uns ... [mehr...]

 
open position: PhD

The Kerschensteiner lab at the Institute of Clinical Neuroimmunology is looking for a PhD candidate

25.03.2014 - We are looking for a PhD student, who is interested in investigating the basis of functional deficits in multiple sclerosis as part of a collaborative research project between the Misgeld Lab at the Institute of Neuroscience of the Technical University of Munich (http://www.misgeld-lab.me.tum.de) ... [mehr...]

 
Nature. 2013 Oct 9. doi: 10.1038/nature12694

Multiple sclerosis: An old drug plays a new trick

17.10.2013 - In this News & Views article we present an advance towards repair of multiple sclerosis lesions. [mehr...]

 
EMBO Rep. 2013 Sep 30;14(10):931-7. doi: 10.1038/embor.2013.117

STAT3 promotes corticospinal remodelling and functional recovery after spinal cord injury

30.09.2013 - Here we show that viral gene transfer of the transcription factor STAT3 can induce remodeling if unlesioned fibers and thereby improve functional recovery after spinal cord injury. [mehr...]

 
open position: Post Doc

The Kerschensteiner lab at the Institute of Clinical Neuroimmunology is looking for a Post Doc

23.09.2013 - The Kerschensteiner Lab and the Misgeld Lab at the TUM are looking to fill an open Post Doc position within the SyNergy project. [mehr...]

 
Nat Rev Neurol. 2013 May;9(5):267-76. doi: 10.1038/nrneurol.2013.41

The utility of cerebrospinal fluid analysis in patients with multiple sclerosis

01.08.2013 - Alterations of the cerebrospinal fluid are commonly found in multiple sclerosis. This review presents the utility of cerebrospinal fluid analysis for diagnosis, its impact on our understanding of the pathophysiology and therapy mechanisms, as well as for monitoring inflammatory and neurodegenerati... [mehr...]

 
Brain. 2013 Jun;136(Pt 6):1778-82. doi: 10.1093/brain/awt101

MANBA, CXCR5, SOX8, RPS6KB1 and ZBTB46 are genetic risk loci for multiple sclerosis.

15.07.2013 - We tested five single nucleotide polymorphisms rs228614 (MANBA), rs630923 (CXCR5), rs2744148 (SOX8), rs180515 (RPS6KB1), and rs6062314 (ZBTB46) for association with multiple sclerosis risk in a total of 8499 cases with multiple sclerosis, 8765 unrelated control subjects and 958 trios of European d... [mehr...]

 
open positions: PhD candidates

The Kerschensteiner lab at the Institute of Clinical Neuroimmunology is looking for PhD candidates

08.07.2013 - Our lab studies the mechanisms underlying tissue damage in multiple sclerosis. This PhD project is part of the Collaborative Research Center SFB-Tr128. [mehr...]

 
Nature Medicine 2013 May 12; doi:10.1038/nm.3180 [Epub ahead of print]

Real-time in vivo analysis of T cell activation in the central nervous system using a genetically encoded calcium indicator

12.05.2013 - Here, we introduce fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) based activation sensor, which can be expressed stably in T cells. Intravital imaging detects the change of intracellular calcium level. [mehr...]

 
J Clin Invest. 2013;123(3):1192–1201. doi:10.1172/JCI67233

2-photon imaging of phagocyte-mediated T cell activation in the CNS

01.03.2013 - Here, we show T cell activation within the CNS by using NFAT-GFP fusion protein and two-photon intravital microscopy. A part of APCs in the spinal cord leptomeninges present endogenous antigens to infiltrated autoreactive T cells and activate them. [mehr...]

 
open positions: clinician scientist

Clinician-Scientist Gruppe am Institut für Klinische Neuroimmunologie

20.02.2013 - The Clinician-Scientist Program of the DFG-sponsored Excellence Cluster “Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (SyNergy)” will offer young clinician-scientists the opportunity to efficiently combine residency training. [mehr...]

 
Nature Protocols 8, 481–490 (2013) doi:10.1038/nprot.2013.022

Cellular, subcellular and functional in vivo labeling of the spinal cord using vital dyes

07.02.2013 - Here we show how vital dyes can be used to label and image cells, subcellular organelles and effector molecules in the spinal cord of living mice. [mehr...]

 
Nat Med. 2012 Dec 6;18(12):1743-5

Ion channels boost axonal injury in multiple sclerosis

06.12.2012 - [mehr...]

 
Nat Rev Neurol. 2012 Oct 9. doi: 10.1038/nrneurol.2012.203

B cells and antibodies in multiple sclerosis pathogenesis and therapy

09.10.2012 - In diesem Übersichtsartikel beschreiben wir wie das Milieu im ZNS von MS Patienten das Überleben von B-Lymphozyten fördert und diskutieren mögliche Zielstrukturen für Autoantikörper von MS Patienten. Therapeutische Strategien, die B-Lymphozyten direkt entfernen oder einen Effekt auf diese Immunzel... [mehr...]

 
Grünes Licht für Antigene

Neue Methode in der Immunologie

10.04.2012 - Die Körperabwehr ist eine potente Waffe gegen Krankheitserreger, bei Autoimmunerkrankungen greift sie aber den eigenen Organismus an. Welche Bestandteile von Erregern, Tumoren oder körpereigenen Zellen die Immunabwehr im Einzelfall attackiert, lässt sich nun nachweisen – und zwar ohne Anfangsverda... [mehr...]

 
Nat Med. 2012 May;18(5):824-9

Unbiased identification of target antigens of CD8+ T-cells with combinatorial libraries coding for short peptides

08.04.2012 - We describe an unbiased and generally applicable technology to identify the antigens of MHC class-I restricted T cell receptors. [mehr...]

 
Langzeitverlauf von Antikörpern gegen Myelin- Protein gibt Auskunft über Art demyelinisierender Erkrankungen

Akut oder chronisch?

25.10.2011 - Forscher des Krankheitsbezogenen Kompetenznetzes Multiple Sklerose (KKNMS) haben den Nachweis erbracht, dass Multiple Sklerose (MS) und akute disseminierte Enzephalomyelitis (ADEM) auf unterschiedlichen immunologischen Profilen basieren. [mehr...]

 
Nat Methods. 2011 Jun 5;8(7):568-70

Near-infrared branding efficiently correlates light and electron microscopy

05.06.2011 - Here, we describe a new technique that uses fiduciary marks set by a 2-photon laser to correlate light and electron microscopic images. [mehr...]

 
Nature Medicine 2011 Vol. 17 No. 4

A reversible form of axon damage in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and multiple sclerosis

27.03.2011 - Here, we use in vivo multiphoton imaging to identify a novel form of axonal degeneration that contributes to axon loss in multiple sclerosis and its animal model. [mehr...]

 

Möglicher Ansatzpunkt für Therapie bei Multipler Sklerose: Reversibler Schädigungsvorgang entdeckt

27.03.2011 - Das Immunsystem soll Krankheitserreger und Giftstoffe im Körper beseitigen. Zu Autoimmunerkrankungen kommt es, wenn stattdessen körpereigenes Material angegriffen wird. Eines der häufigsten autoimmun bedingten Leiden ist die Multiple Sklerose, kurz MS. [mehr...]

 
Protein provoziert wohl Immunangriff auf mehrere Zellarten

Graue Substanz bei Multipler Sklerose in Gefahr

29.04.2009 - Bei Autoimmunerkrankungen wird körpereigenes Material vom Immunsystem ebenso aggressiv attackiert wie ein Krankheitserreger. Ein Beispiel dafür ist die Multiple Sklerose, kurz MS, eine der häufigsten neurologischen Erkrankungen in der Altersgruppe der 20- bis 30-Jährigen. Die Erkrankung kann ... [mehr...]

 
Ein neuer Angriffsmechanismus könnte die Schädigung von Nervenzellen bei Multiple Sklerose erklären

Auch Nervenzellen haben eine Achillesferse

25.09.2007 - Wenn das Immunsystem verrückt spielt und anstatt Vieren und Bakterien Zellen des eigenen Körpers angreift, so hat dies meist schlimme Folgen. Im Fall der Multiplen Sklerose ist das Ziel dieser fehlgeleiteten Immunabwehr das zentrale Nervensystem. Wissenschaftler des Max-Planck-Instituts für Neurob... [mehr...]

 
 
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Prof. Dr.

Reinhard Hohlfeld

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Prof. Dr.

Martin Kerschensteiner

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